Nine Methods Stand Out In Care of Mentally Ill, 1955

10 09 2012

The following was published in the March 27, 1955 edition of the Oregonian newspaper as a supplement to an article by Ann Sullivan on new drug treatments being introduced at the Oregon State Hospital.  It is excerpted below. 

Nine Methods Stand Out In Care of Mentally Ill

These are the most frequent treatments for the mentally ill in use at the Oregon state and most other mental hospitals today:

Psychotherapy, counseling directly with patient by doctor.

Electrotherapy, use of electric shock treatments which often can bring patient back to reality.

Insulin coma, lowering of blood sugar by insulin so that higher centers of central nervous system can be rested, calmed.

Nutritional therapy, use of right food, vitamins, etc., to restore patient to physical health.

Milieu, maintaining setting of healthful social living as much as possible for those who can be helped.

Group therapy, group discussion by patients of mental problems led by a therapist, psychologist or psychiatrist.

Chlorpormazine and reserpine, new drugs which have calming effect on several types of patients.

Attitude therapy, in which entire personnel of a patient’s ward has been particularly instructed on special handling.

Sedatives and Hydrotherapy (warm baths), also used for calming down.

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